Industry Terms & Acronyms


Product Certification “Scheme”

This is the European phrase to identify the listing and labeling procedure. To the U.S. ear, it sounds like a plot. We use Product Certification “Programs.”

Qualitative Testing

For the purposes of the kind of fire testing we are talking about today, qualitative testing is used for fire door and other building product assemblies. The results of this testing to acceptable test standards are pass/fail or they take the form of indices. The test specimens are made up of component parts and are tested as they would be installed in real circumstances. They are exposed to flames in test equipment built for fire endurance testing (time, temperature, flame­through circumstances) or flame spread testing (time vs. flame forward movement).

Quantitative Testing

As indicated by the phrase, results of such testing take the form of numerical formulas of measurement. Calibration laboratories conduct quantitative testing as do metrology labs. These labs also may be accredited to ISO 17025 for testing.

The new edition of 17025 emphasizes the use of “sampling”: procedures, defined as testing procedures, based on metrology, to show that a product (singular, not an assembly), for example, does not ignite during ignition testing and then can be shown through production sampling to be identical to the test specimen, thus it can be “certified.” Whether that meets the requirement parameters of ISO 17065 for product certification is a question to which we do not know the answer.

Processes, procedures, services performed by laboratories, inspection and product certification organizations.
Review Activity
For example, checking required documentation for listing and labeling as it is received by personnel knowledgeable about the requirements of ISO 17065.
Accreditation Body (AB)
Entity performing assessments of testing laboratories and certification bodies as meeting the requirements of the relevant ISO standards for their activities.
Certification Body (CB)
Entity audited by an AB who is a signatory member of the mutual recognition arrangements issued by the: International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC); Asian Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC); International Accreditation Forum (IAF).
Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)
In the field who decide on acceptability of test standards, test labs, product certification bodies per content of Building Codes such as the International Building Code (IBC).


AB – Accreditation Body

APLAC – Asian Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation

CB – Certification Body. Geneva, Switzerland; provides committees of experts from a wide spectrum of fields who write the  standards for stated goals for safety and quality. To provide global Standards for Quality, Safety, Efficiency for products, services & management of natural resources. Representatives from National Standards Bodies from over 161 nations.

Government agency or recognized organization that is a signatory member of an MRA or an independent member such as ANAB/ANSI, A2lA, or IAS.

IAF – International Accreditation Forum

IBC – International Building Code

ILAC – International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation

ISO – International Organization for Standardization

MLA – Mutual Lateral Arrangement

MRA – Mutual Recognition Arrangement. Refer to goals for ILAC shown above. The goals are the same. Members are ABs assessed for adherence as explained for ILAC.

Sets up Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) for member Accreditation Bodies (ABs) who Accredit Test Labs to ISO 17025 & 3rd Party Inspection Agencies to ISO 17020; mutual recognition by signatory members of each other’s accreditations to avoid expensive and unnecessary duplication of test and inspection services; taking the hassle out of global trade and ensuring quality. ABs who are assessed for their adherence to conformity requirements by ILAC per ISO 17001.

Sets up Mutual Lateral Arrangement (MLA) for member Accreditation Bodies (ABs) who accredit product Certification Bodies(CBs) to the requirements of ISO 17065; mutual recognition by members of each other’s accreditations to avoid expensive and unnecessary duplication of review for acceptance into a certification program; taking the hassle out of global acceptance and ensuring quality. Members undergo regular peer assessment to ensure they are meeting the requirements of ISO 17001.

The owner of a certification process or scheme that meets the requirements of ISO 17065 as assessed by a signatory member of the MLA from IAS.

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